General Urology

Bladder cancer is a malignant tumour of the bladder, the hollow, muscular organ that stores urine.

What is Urology?

Urology is a surgical specialty that deals with diseases of the Genito-urinary tract in men and women. The broad areas covered under general Urology are as follows.

  • Hematuria (Blood in the urine)
  • Prostate Disease (Any urinary problem in men aged 50 and above)
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Benign and Malignant tumors of the genitourinary tract
  • Conditions affecting the penis, testes, and scrotum
  • Male Infertility
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Trauma to the genitourinary organs
  • Inflammatory and infectious diseases of the urinary and genital tract

Q. What is the difference between a Urologist and a Nephrologist?

Because urologists and nephrologists both treat kidney problems, knowing which type of doctor to see can be confusing. Urologists are surgical specialists who focus on anatomical or structural disorders of the kidneys and urinary tract. They treat problems such as kidney stones, kidney blockages, and kidney cancer. Urologists are qualified to perform surgery and outpatient medical procedures to correct such conditions.

Nephrologists are medical specialists who focus on disorders that affect the way the kidneys work such as diabetes and chronic kidney disease. Nephrologists prescribe nonsurgical medical treatments for these disorders.
The roles of nephrologists and urologists often overlap and they work together on conditions having both medical and surgical requirements.